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Поселение раннеголоценового возраста в верхней части бассейна р. Саситна, Центральная Аляска

2017 / Том 13 № 4 2017 [ АРХЕОЛОГИЯ ]

Поселение людей в восточной части Берингии было постепенным процессом, начавшимся в период интерстадиала беллинг-аллеред. Поселение в горном хребте Аляски произошло на 1300 лет позже и, возможно, связано с появлением систем высокомобильного обитания во время позднего дриаса и раннего голоцена. Тем не менее оценка хронологии заселения нагорья была затруднена тем, что большая часть археологических памятников нагорья представлены в поверхностном залегании. В этом исследовании изучаются модели ландшафтного использования с новыми данными от погребенного раннего голоценового культурного слоя (компонента) 1 на стоянке Река Саситна 3 в бассейне реки Саситна, центральном Аляскинском хребте. Ансамбль Река Саситна 3 указывает, что первоначальное использование верхнего бассейна реки Саситна состояло из дальних логистических вылазок из жилых лагерей за пределами района исследования высокомобильными группами людей, снабженных набором типологически выраженных каменных орудий. Эти данные поддерживают переход к высокомобильной системе землепользования в раннем голоцене. Первоначальное заселение может быть связано с распространением бореальных лесов во внутренних районах низменности и предгорий в сочетании с появлением популяций горного карибу в качестве важного пищевого ресурса.

Ключевые слова:

заселение Восточной Берингии, доисторическое использование ландшафта, Аляскинский хребет, технологическая организация каменного производства, Settlement of eastern Beringia, prehistoric landscape use, Alaska Range, lithic technological organization

Авторы:

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